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RECONSIDERING THE FUNDAMENTAL CONTRIBUTIONS OF FISHER AND NEYMAN ON EXPERIMENTATION AND SAMPLING

Stephen E. Fienberg and Judith M. Tanur

Abstract:

R. A. Fisher and Jerzy Neyman are commonly acknowledged as the statisticians who provided the basic ideas that underpin the design of experiments and the design of sample surveys, respectively. In this paper, we reconsider the key contributions of these great men to the two areas of research. We also explain how the controversy surrounding Neyman's 1935 paper on agricultural experimentation in effect led to a split in research in experiments and sample surveys.

Keywords: Design of experiments; Stratification clustering; Randomization; Design of sample surveys.


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