RECONSIDERING THE FUNDAMENTAL
CONTRIBUTIONS OF FISHER AND NEYMAN
ON EXPERIMENTATION AND SAMPLING
Stephen E. Fienberg and Judith M. Tanur
R. A. Fisher and Jerzy Neyman are commonly acknowledged as the
statisticians who provided the basic ideas that underpin the design of
experiments and the design of sample surveys, respectively. In this
paper, we reconsider the key contributions of these great men to the
two areas of research. We also explain how the controversy
surrounding Neyman's 1935 paper on agricultural experimentation in
effect led to a split in research in experiments and sample surveys.
Keywords: Design of experiments; Stratification clustering;
Randomization; Design of sample surveys.
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