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U.S. flag Tuesday, Oct. 8, 2002 -- Updated Weekdays

Top News

Polygraph Testing Is Too Flawed for Security Screening Carnegie Mellon University professor Stephen E. Fienberg discusses his committee's report during a news conference at the National Academy of Sciences building on Tuesday, Oct. 8, 2002. (NAS Photo/Craig Hicks)
Oct. 8 -- The federal government shouldn't rely on polygraph tests to identify national-security risks among prospective or current employees because results are too inaccurate, says a new National Academies report. Polygraph tests sensitive enough to detect most security violators also mark large numbers of innocent test takers as guilty. Less sensitive polygraph tests, including those used in several federal agencies, don't catch most major security violators and still incorrectly flag truthful people as deceptive.
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Human Research Participants Need Broader Protection Harvard University professor Daniel Federman discusses his committee's report during an Institute of Medicine briefing at the National Academies building on Thursday, Oct. 3, 2002. (IOM Photo/Craig Hicks)
Oct. 3 -- Ensuring the health and well-being of people enrolled in research studies demands broader U.S. government oversight, says a new Institute of Medicine report. Congress should require publicly and privately funded organizations that conduct research with human participants to do so under the authority of a research participant protection program subject to federal oversight. But ultimate responsibility for ensuring that protections are in place must rest with the highest levels of a research organization's leadership.
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New Report Endorses Everglades Research Plan

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Science in the Headlines

Academy Members Win Nobel Prize in Physics

Oct. 8 -- Two members of the National Academy of Sciences are among the winners of the 2002 Nobel Prize in physics. NAS members Raymond Davis of the University of Pennsylvania and Riccardo Giacconi of Associated Universities Inc. in Washington, D.C. were awarded the prize along with Masatoshi Koshiba of the University of Tokyo. The researchers were recognized for their contributions to astrophysics: Davis and Koshiba jointly for the detection of cosmic neutrinos, and Giacconi for work that led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources. [more]

Academy Member and Foreign Associate Win Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

New Nobel Laureate Gives Account of the Race to Map the Human Genome

more Science in the Headlines

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TECH LITERACY: Americans depend on technology -- but what do they know about it? See what the National Academy of Engineering's Wm. A. Wulf says in a new article from the National Academies' Op-Ed Service.

NEW ONLINE BOOKS: Partnerships for Solid-State Lighting

Aeronautics Research and Technology for 2050

Review of NASA's Earth Science Enterprise Applications Program Plan

Biosolids Applied to Land: Advancing Standards and Practices

Chemical Reference Materials: Setting the Standards for Ocean Science

Reducing Suicide: A National Imperative

Scientific and Policy Considerations in Developing Smallpox Vaccination Options


Wednesday, Oct. 9, 2002

Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life (Washington, D.C.)

Developing a Strategy to Prevent and Reduce Underage Drinking (Washington, D.C.)

Sunday, Oct. 13, 2002

Disability Determination for Individuals with Hearing Impairments (Washington, D.C.)

Monday, Oct. 14, 2002

Committee on Restoration of the Greater Everglades Ecosystem (Miami)

National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting (Seattle)

Status of DOE's Long-Term Stewardship Program (Washington, D.C.)

Wednesday, Oct. 16, 2002

Safety Belt Technology Study (Washington, D.C.)

Board on Assessment of NIST Programs (Gaithersburg, Md.)

[More Events]

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